Labor trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery in which individuals perform labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or coercion.

Labor trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purposes of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery, (22 USC § 7102).

Labor trafficking includes situations of debt bondage, forced labor, and involuntary child labor. Labor traffickers use violence, threats, lies, and other forms of coercion to force people to work against their will in many industries.

Common types of labor trafficking include people forced to work in homes as domestic servants, small businesses, farmworkers coerced through violence as they harvest crops, or factory workers held in inhumane conditions with little to no pay.

Examples of Labor Trafficking

  • An employer forces an employee to work long hours for little/no pay, withholds payment stating that the employee owes money, and physically abuses and threatens the life of the employee. This is a form of labor trafficking.